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Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

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You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

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The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

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These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity, adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992, enshrines in its Article 15 the principle of ABS and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of the knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity (Art. 8 j).

This international treaty was adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 with the following main goals: the conservation of biodiversity; the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the exploitation of genetic resources.  
Its objective is to develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. It is considered the key document concerning sustainable development.
Initially, the Convention's offices were located in Geneva before moving permanently to Montreal. It was opened for signature on June 5, 1992 and entered into force on December 29, 1993. By December 1993, 168 countries had signed the convention. For a long time, the convention had only a limited binding scope, but since the end of the 1990s it has begun to be applied in practice in certain countries and supranational communities such as the European Union. It contains a reminder of the use of terms in its article 2 and introduces the precautionary principle.